Tag Archive: Language

Three Topics on the Research of Huang Ting-jian’s Poems (Education Papers posted on January 15th, 2015 )

The poems of Huang Tingjian are the typical style in the Song Dynasty, there are many treatise in this respect every year. But one aspect was neglected:many authors focus on the theories of Huang Tingjian while his poems themselves were not considered. Thus, one phenomenon is appearing, many theories and the examples were repeated again and again, but the reader didn’t found other different aspects in Huang Tingjian’s poems. That’s the reason why I tend to research the content of Huang Tingjian’s poems.In the first chapter,1discuss Huang Tingjian’s language and point out his particularity. The firs selection is discussed his special in terms of verse and poem, which the meanings are similar between his poems and other poets’poem. The second selection is discussed Huang Tingjian’s distinguish between Zhuangzi and Shi Shuo Xin Yu, and I point out he is agree with Xiaoyao in Zhuangzi more than wild behavior in Shi Shuo Xin Yu. Thus, there are many changes in his poems which relate to the allusions in Zhuangzi, and these poems are well done than the allusions in Shi Shuo Xin Yu. In Shi Shuo Xin Yu, Huang Tingjian can only use its words, not to use its thoughts to make sentences. The third selection is discussed Huang Tingjian’s construct in allusions, including “fermentation and Vinification”,”expect and adjust” and “overturn and rebuild”. The fourth selection from the view of his thoughts and prosodic, providing a new explanation of “circuitousin” in Huang’s poems.In the second chapter, I discuss the style of his poems in which other researchers are not attention on, and there are many misreadings in some aspects by some researchers. The first selection is discussed the importance of group poems in his whole poems. The second selection is discussed the style of seven-character quatrain and pointed out the plain style is existence in his writing from beginning to end. The third selection is pointed out Huang’s contribution to the six-word poem, and discuss the mistaken idea which is held by some researcher. The fourth selection is discussed the importance of foreword in Huang’s poem, including its cognitive value and its literariness.In the third chapter, I discuss the anthology and annotation of Huang Tingjian’s poems. I have surveyed13ancient anthologies and6contemporary anthologies, and then point out the importance of inner poems in the view of select proportion and coverage fraction, negate the opinion that it shouldn’t distinguish the inner and outer poems, and at the same time, I point out seven-word poems is more popular among the seven-word poems. I choose the Seven-character-quatrain to discuss in the second chapter. In addition, comparing the ancient anthologies with the contemporary anthologies, I point out the contribution that the contemporary made in standing out the characteristics of Huang Tingjian’s poems, and analysis some preconceptions. In the aspect of annotation of Huang, collating and questioning of three scholiasts, I discuss the characteristics and the mien of the best scholiasts–Ren Yuan.

Along with the opening of hukou(household registration) system in Sh… (Education Papers posted on December 23rd, 2014 )

Along with the opening of hukou(household registration) system in Shanghai step by step,more and more immigrants from countryside and other cities attain the Shanghai hukou,and become Shanghai citizens in law.However,the subjective identity of these newly Shanghai citizens are affected by many factors,such as the institutional,economical and cultural factors.The present research analyzes the factors,which influence the residents in Shanghai who recognize themselves as “Shanghainess”,by using of the survey data of “the life situation of residents in Shanghai” in 2008.The author finds that,whether the residents hold the Shanghai hukou,and whether they could speak Shanghai dialect skillfully will affect them to recognize themselves as “Shanghainess” importantly.Those who with the Shanghai hukou think themselves as “Shanghainess” more likely than those who without,those who can speak Shanghai dialect also think themselves as “Shanghainess” more likely than those who can not.The effect of hukou is more significant than the master of Shanghai dialect.This research also finds that income,status and Education have not significant effects on the identification of”Shanghainess”.The author lastly highlights the policy implication of the research results and point out that the reform of hukou system is strategically important for the construction of harmonious society.

A Research on the Xiehouyu under the Cultural Background (Education Papers posted on December 5th, 2014 )

Xiehouyu is a unique language in the Chinese nation, it is also one of the i mportant members of the idiom. Xiehouyu is an important manifestation of Chine se culture. There is something of each in the other between culture and language. as a form of language, xiehouyu is a kind of culture, the research on xiehouyu not only based on the linguistic point of view, but also the rhetoric, aesthetics,phi losophy, understanding the cultural and other multi-angle, so as to more comprehe nsive understanding of xiehouyu, and understand the unique charm of Chinese cul ture.Xiehouyu is a kind of Linguistic Culture, its cultural characteristics is manife sted in the harmonious voice, patchwork, reflecting the national language harmoni ous America; semantics including but not exposed, the words in this meaning in t he great sense of rhythm he, a very subtle beauty; morphological before and after care, well-proportioned and balanced.As the language of the masses of the people, xiehouyu is from the people a nd giving back to people, so it have a close relationship with the people. From a micro perspective, it is the ordinary life of the people, including firewood, rice, oil, salt, sauce, vinegar and tea, from the macro level, it contains the ancient cult ure of the Chinese nation, is a “living fossil”, every age will leave the correspon ding xiehouyu. they embodies all the material culture, institutional culture and spir itual culture, embodies the national temperament.The specification of the xiehouyu has been paid attention by the linguist fro m the Linguistic Culture. The specification of the xiehouyu on the one hand is it s sound, form, meaning and standardization, on the other hand is the cultural con notation of the specification. We should regulate the negative vulgar cultural conte nt, the degree of civilization, so that xiehouyu will develop toward to the positive and healthy direction.

The Unbearable Lightness of Language: An Analysis of the Innovative Use of Language in the Chickencoop Chinaman (Education Papers posted on November 28th, 2014 )

This thesis is a study of the innovative use of language in Frank Chin’s play The Chickencoop Chinaman. For long, language has been regarded as objective, neutral and natural. However, such simplicity is illusory. The analysis of the language in this thesis reveals that language conveys many different layers of meaning. It can represent different relationships, such as the relationship between language and one’s identity, language and power, language and subjectivity.This thesis consists of five parts. The introduction part explains why the thesis is being approached from the aspect of language. A brief introduction of Frank Chin is also given in this part. Chapter One is the groundwork of the following two chapters. The significance of Chin’s play is highlighted by briefly narrating the history of Chinese Americans from being a silenced group to a group of people who are able to publicly denounce the injustice and maltreatment they have once endured. Comparison is made between articulation and the search for the father motif and the deconstructive use of language is put forth too in this part. Chapter Two is a detailed analysis of the language. The linguistic peculiarity of the main characters is explored first. And then there is the analysis of the linguistic conflicts. These conflicts reflect speakers’struggle for power and control. The performativity of language is also interpreted. Critical theories are adopted in Chapter Three to analyze the techniques applied in the play. The final part concludes that the innovative use of language in the play is a linguistic representation of Asian American sensibility, ethnic identity and particularity. By challenging and deconstructing the dominant discourse and holding on to his own style of language, Frank Chin, through the mouth of Tam Lum, has put his theory of”writing is fighting”into practice and has built new image of Chinese Americans. In this sense, the language in the play forms an indispensable part of Chinese American’s struggle for power and promotion of Chinese American culture.

The Depiction of Penalty in Chinese New Era’s Fictions (Education Papers posted on October 20th, 2014 )

The new era’s writers in China never stopped writing the death and violence,and they endue them even more meanings.Penalty is a special form of violence and death,the difference between them is that violence is everywhere and at all times.But penalty belongs to a particular history,particular environment and the specific populations,and it has much richer contents.The penalty is a punishment,which has characteristics of the ages.The authors in new era take full advantages of this feature,they ponder and investigate Philosophy, society, history and humanity from it.Public penalty ritual seems like a wingding party.The purpose of penalty ritual is punishment,but it meets the people’s desire for novelty and ornamental pleasure,it showed such strong fun for people that the disciplinary function of penalty is diluted and turned into a universal carnival ceremony.Writers in the new era consider that each role in the penalty ritual is meaningful,including emperors,dignitaries,officials,the executioners, the victims and spectators;and each class has a strong imprint of the ages and life, reflecting the differences but similar fun and life pursuits.New era’s writers express a wide range of topics by penalty writing,There are two main themes: reflections on power and history,and exploration of humanity.Power is everywhere and omnipotent in our life.Everyone is under the control of power.People with power fight with each other.The loss of power is clamped everywhere.The function of penalty means that those with power against people who dare to offend them.The history of mankind is the history of fight,and the result of fight is the penalty.It can be said that human history is a history of punishment.The description of penalty point to the brutal nature of human.Penalties put people’s physical and mental in an extreme condition,and make people’s cruelty and boring nature exposed.The new era’s writers in china demonstrate their understanding of human nature with the help of penalty description,and shows the whole dark side of human nature to readers. Penalty description also plays a special role in the novel’s narrative structure.Mo Yan’s The penalty of Sandalwood connects the text clues by the conflict of five penalty,and organizes the structure of text by penalty ritual. The structure of Yu Hua’s1986and Past and Penalty is very complex.This two novels reflect writer’s particular concept of time.The spatial structure in penalty description is execution ground,which integrates many comical phenomenons, characters and emotions——which seems to be a simple place but has a powerful accommodate capacity.Despite some writers like to write about penalty such as Mo Yan,Yu Hua,A Lai,Wang Xiaobo,they all have their own distinct personality and linguistic characteristics of writing.In Chapter3,1will analyzes in details Mo Yan, Yu Hua, Wang Xiaobo and other writers’penalty description language style.

Deviation of Dickens’s Language (Education Papers posted on October 5th, 2014 )

This thesis mainly focuses on the deviate components in Dickens’s language. Dickens is known as one of the most abundant novelists of English authors, and his language makes him both a great writer and an influential spokesman of the conscience of his age. Comments on Charles Dickens have never stopped. The earlier novels are always his most popular works. But in 1950s, European critics began to discover his artistry and great depth in the later works. Scholars have studied his working method, his relations with his public, and the reason of his popularity for all time. Dickens is also much discussed by Chinese scholars, who show their interest mainly on political problems implied in his novel (especially on humanism), his criticism on the contemporary society or his sympathy for the lower class people. In recent time, critics try to explore something original by weakening the boundary between content and form. Taking one with another, research on the Social aspects existing in Dickens’s novel has been the most compelling one.In this paper, the author tries to discuss the deviation of his language shared by his novel. There are two reasons why the author has chosen such a topic: One is that it is the trend to study his works in a more comprehensive way rather than to focus on one single novel; the other is that so far there has been no systematic research on such a topic. The demonstration part will fall into three chapters: 1) the analysis of the phonological deviation; 2) the analysis of grammatical deviation; 3) the analysis of the deviation of tone.From the perspective of phonological deviation, in chapter one, the author attempts to probe into Dickens’s deviant use of language in such aspects as dialect, idiolect and typographical devices. Through the discussion, the author wants to prove that phonological deviation is an important device used by the writer to imply some specific information and thus shape various kinds of characters.Chapter two lays emphasis on the grammatical deviation and its artistic effects existing in Dickens’s novel. Using ungrammatical sentence is one effective device. It is mainly shown through four aspects: lack of verb, lack of deixis, mistaken use of adjective comparison, and using adjective adverbially. The other device used by the writer is syntactic deviation, which is embodied in five sentence types: 1) parallelism (deliberate repetition); 2) cumulative sentence; 3) periodic; 4) multiple negation; 5) special use of simple form. Through grammatical deviation, Dickens’s intended to express his ironic intention towards the society or a specific people, arousing readers’ emotion, reaching mock reality.Chapter three studies Dickens’s deviation of tone. Deviation of tone happens when the mood used by a writer distinguishes from what the reader thinks it should be. The author of this paper talks about it through the following three aspects: 1) deviation existing in conversational tone; 2) deviant factors in defeated expectation; 3) understatement. From the discussion we can see that deviant use of tone is one effective method to defeat or arouse readers’ feelings. Deviant use of tone in everyday communication can create a comic effect, in which a sarcastic intention often implies.The concluding part offers a brief summary of the accomplishment of Dickens’s deviant language. It points out that his high plane of writing technique lies in the vivid expression of plots and utterance features. He used the deviant devices successfully, showing originality in his literary works. First of all, the advantage of deviation embodies in his figures, through which one’s status, character, or even life experiences all unfold before our eyes. Secondly, when telling about background, deviant devices put dynamic changes into the plot. They, like episodes in a piece of music, will please the reader. Language can display the tone of a novel. Dickens, by using deviation, endowed every of his figures with specific characteristics, showing his ironic tone towards them through the delicately arranged plots.Deviation can make Dickens’s works more impressive. But more importantly, it makes them much deeper and delicate. Deviation is not equal to twist. It helps the writer to show us Social caricatures of all sorts.This thesis offers a new angle for the critics who are interested in Dickens and his works. It is useful both for the linguistic and ideaistic study of his novel. However, it is only a beginning. It needs a further study by the author and anyone who is also interested in this topic.

The Expression of the Design Language in the Packaging Graphic Design (Education Papers posted on October 4th, 2014 )

In addition to the bustling modern city, manifested in the forest of tall buildings, the steady stream of vehicles, people with different kinds of dress on the outside, it mainly those in the business district where a dazzling array of goods displayed on the color variety. The different colors and packaging of goods for such an atmosphere adds a fashionable and modern.With the development of commodity economy, the objective needs of the packaging made more demands, to participate in the market circulation of competition. The new design language into the logical design of business which is to contribute to greater success in marketing. The market gradually grouping, super account of very direction, leading to the design concept, formal constantly updated. Attractive packaging design, production and marketing in the process played an important role.Packaging Design in graphic language, is the use of graphic elements in the visual communication aspects of intuitive, rich and lively nature of the product content and accuracy of the information conveyed to consumers, and by virtue of graphic visually attractive to consumers caused by psychological response, and then guide the buying behavior. Good packaging products, can be the case in the absence of writing, through the visual language to communicate silently, it can cross geographical restrictions, breaking through language barriers, integration of cultural differences, so as to achieve the artistic effect of a silent infection.

The cognitive, social, and affective dilemmas of Generation 1.5 English language learners: 1990–2011 (Education Papers posted on April 12th, 2014 )

This study examines the academic, Social, and personal challenges of Generation 1.5 linguistic minority students who were born and raised in Canada but spoke a language other than English in the home. Specifically, a cohort of six Generation 1.5 respondents were interviewed and discussed their experiences of facing challenges because of discrepancies between their values, beliefs, and home traditions and the expectations of educators, which hindered not only academic process, but also precipitated personal losses, including identity confusion. Additionally, this project explores how the Ministry of Education’s policy regarding the support of this demographic group within the publically funded educational system has evolved over the last 21 years, examining the types of responses that have been generated to foster the academic development of Generation 1.5 linguistic minority students.

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Tutor Training in a Canadian University’s Academic Writing Centre: An Ethnographic Study of the Pre-Service Training and Socialization of Junior Tutors (Education Papers posted on April 11th, 2014 )

Academic writing centres, like the Academic Writing Centre (AWC), depend on a pre-service training program to prepare new tutors to teach academic writing alongside other more experienced tutors. This ethnographic study explores the effectiveness of the current pre-service training program employed by the AWC. Drawing on Engeström’s (1987) cultural-historical activity theory, Schön’s (1983) “reflective practitioner” theory, Lave and Wenger’s (1991) “situated learning” theory, and rhetorical genre theory to build an analytical framework, this study considers how the AWC’s cultural-historical context influences its practices, how senior tutors define current pre-service training practices, and how junior tutors are socialized into the AWC. Over a six-month period, three kinds of data were collected and analyzed recursively (Charmaz, 2006): interviews with five tutors and three coordinators (present and former), observations recorded in detailed field notes, and various documents from the AWC. Findings from the study suggest that the training provided to junior tutors, shaped by a complex web of inside and outside influences, is effective in preparing the tutors to work with student writers.

The invisible and the visible: Language socialization at the Chinese Heritage Language School (Education Papers posted on March 27th, 2013 )

The present study explores the language socialization of a group of China-born and American-born children who are Mandarin learners at the Lu Xun Chinese Heritage Language School in the Southwestern U.S. Theoretically, the study follows a new paradigm in language socialization research which focuses on second language contexts and uses multiple sources of data to investigate the dynamic nature of the process through which learners are socialized into a new language and cultural environment. Specifically, the study explores how members of a small Chinese community in a major city contribute to the maintenance of the Chinese language and culture by transmitting their cultural values to their children through school and home contexts, and how the children react to the efforts made by their instructors, parents and other caregivers. Ethnographic in nature, the study was conducted by adopting a variety of methods such as participant observation in the classroom and the community, interviews with parents, instructors, and children, and dinner table talk. A total of twelve students, fifteen parents, and two instructors participated in the study and all data were recorded with digital recording equipment. This study adds to the current literature about how linguistic and cultural knowledge are constructed through each other in different heritage language learning contexts, and what role children/novices and adults/experts play as active and selective agents in the process of language socialization within these contexts.

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