Tag Archive: Language

Different historical periods bring out different cultural and histor… (Education Papers posted on June 10th, 2015 )

Different historical periods bring out different cultural and historical conformations, which are the outcomes of the combination of the internal factor, arts and literature, and the external factor, the media. With the development of media, the forms of arts and literature progress accordingly, demonstrating a permanently advancing trend of cultural development. Media develop following the sequence from oral language to characters, and then eventually to electronic media. Being one kind of language, electronic media is both the combination and innovation of various languages, symbolizing the aesthetical rules in the post-modern world of merchandise. Accordingly, picture culture has also become the historical choice of the electronic-media era, and turned into a updated and controversial correlated subject.This thesis attempts to illustrate the relationship between the way of media and cultural languages, analyzing the media’s creatively decisive role to arts and culture. Focusing on e-media’s decomposition and composition of modem culture, this thesis also discusses the motive, essence and developmental logics of “picture turn”. Picture is the image outside vision, a liberation of the visual sense and a aspiration of the eminence. Picture culture is an independent category, being a branch of the popular culture. It depends on our interpretation that whether picture is the duplication the real world or the actual formation of ideas.”Picture culture” represents contemporary culture. This thesis reviews such aspects as the history of media development, the language features in media, the relationship between media and culture, the connotation and implication of picture, and the interpretation and acceptance of picture. Additionally, this thesis serves as a clarification of the position of picture culture, as an introduction to the historical logics of arts and culture development and as a hypothesis on the historical prospect of cultural language.

The Research on Narrative Art of XuXu’s Novels (Education Papers posted on March 19th, 2015 )

In the Chinese literary world,Xu Xu is famous earlierly, rich of creations, but because ofthe political, historical and other factors, he has been divorced from the history of literature,critics and the view of readers. Fortunately, since nineteen eighties especially since the newcentury, more and more people begin to pay close attention to Xu Xu and get the affirmation ofhis creations of literary value, in these creations his novels get the highest achievement and alsoresearchers mainly focus. One of the major characteristic of Xu Xu’s novels is the warm andbeautiful stories, on the basis of close reading in his novels, taking the readability as thebreakthrough point and key words, this text will focus on the narrative in the story level,skilllevel and language level which can appear some prominent characteristics, and tries to explainthe narrative effect causes, hope to contribute to Xu Xu’s study.This text mainly uses the way ofrelevant narrative theories especially the Chinese traditional narrative theories and text reading toresearch.The full text is totally divided into three chapters,concretely explaining as follows:Chapter I,the story analysis of Xu Xu’s novels.According to the Hu Yamin’s “story” theoryin “the narrative” book,this chapter mainly study Xu Xu’s novels from the plot,characters,environment three aspects.In the plot,the novels not only use both singlet and doublet modes,butalso exhibit dilution plot tendencies,the two categories of “the silly woman and the heartlessman” and”the ghost” generalize Xu Xu’s novels typical plot feature,through the fusion of theancient”gifted scholars and beautiful ladies” narration and the detective novel modes,the plotshows complications and blurs.In the characters,the writer pays attention to the portrait,attachingimportance to “the spirit with form”,the female descriptions especially show the writer’s pursuitof the literary aesthetic characteristics.In terms of the environment, jumping space andretrospecting time show the stray and nostalgic sense,at the same time,the writer pays attentionto the description of natural scenery,Social background description is relatively hidden,vividenvironmental description adds the sense of reality.Chapter II,the technique analysis of Xu Xu’s novels.The way of Xu Xu’s novels which arepublished by serial newspapers is similar to the ancient Zhanghui Novel creations,as a kind ofform loved by the masses,Xu Xu also selectively inherits some features of Zhanghui Novels inhis creations,thus as a reference,this chapter mainly analyzes from the aspects of the narratorintervention with”Xu Xu”,opening mode,ending mode,suspense,misunderstanding andcoincidence,also analyzes the succession and transcendence in the traditional narrativetechniques,summarizes the two sides of tradition and vanguard.Chapter III,the language analysis of Xu Xu’s novels.This chapter mainly analyzes hislanguage features from three aspects,like the fresh and beautiful language,the daily andphilosophical language,the form of discourse expression,furthermore,the frequent usage of thecolor,the Philosophy,the direct speech is closely related to the writer’s personality and hiscultivation of literature.The conclusion part mainly discusses why the writer creates such novels and the value or loss of his creations.From the perspective of the writer,reading experience of classicalfictions,popular literature view,selling for a living way and commercial publishing strategy,letXu Xu turn popular side naturally in his creations.His novels present the readable,popular andphilosophical characteristics by the effective utilization of the readers’ reading psychology andholding fast to the intellectuals’ writing position,the writer makes great efforts in seeking abalance between the elegance and the vulgarity,which becomes the reason of his novelsreadability,as well as the value of his novels.

Influence Sanyuan Image of Poetry and Language Art Research (Education Papers posted on March 16th, 2015 )

Chen Sanli, the wordYan, on the bulk raw, Xianfeng three years(1853) was born in JiangxiYi Ning (this county),in twenty-six (1937) and died in Beijing, at the age of85. Bulk raw is anoutstanding representative of modern light body, since the late Qing Dynasty the impact is thebiggest is modern Jiangxi poetry is one of the chief, the representatives.Bulk raw image of poetry and language art is the important part of his poetics. Bulkoriginal poem heterosexual connotation is rich, is committed to the new poetry image boundaryshape, and he would use his rise and fall of poetic imagery, injury and chaos, the achievementsof the loose original poem image tragic personality. Image and language is inseparable, bulkraw in words, syntactic, case law and business law formed a relatively systematic ideas ofpoetics. Modern transformation and the Eastward Transmission of Western learning influencethat the bulk of raw poetic thought presents modern new change.The powder raw in modern Chinese and Western cultural collision under the backgroundof the times, integration of bulk raw images and language feature, the use of image theory ofpoetic image analysis and interpretation at the same time, the bulk of original poetry languageand imagery of the mutual influence of, and focus on bulk raw of allusion, which on original theimage of poetry and the arts of language systematically and discuss.

A Research on the Xiehouyu under the Cultural Background (Education Papers posted on March 10th, 2015 )

Xiehouyu is a unique language in the Chinese nation, it is also one of the i mportant members of the idiom. Xiehouyu is an important manifestation of Chine se culture. There is something of each in the other between culture and language. as a form of language, xiehouyu is a kind of culture, the research on xiehouyu not only based on the linguistic point of view, but also the rhetoric, aesthetics,phi losophy, understanding the cultural and other multi-angle, so as to more comprehe nsive understanding of xiehouyu, and understand the unique charm of Chinese cul ture.Xiehouyu is a kind of Linguistic Culture, its cultural characteristics is manife sted in the harmonious voice, patchwork, reflecting the national language harmoni ous America; semantics including but not exposed, the words in this meaning in t he great sense of rhythm he, a very subtle beauty; morphological before and after care, well-proportioned and balanced.As the language of the masses of the people, xiehouyu is from the people a nd giving back to people, so it have a close relationship with the people. From a micro perspective, it is the ordinary life of the people, including firewood, rice, oil, salt, sauce, vinegar and tea, from the macro level, it contains the ancient cult ure of the Chinese nation, is a “living fossil”, every age will leave the correspon ding xiehouyu. they embodies all the material culture, institutional culture and spir itual culture, embodies the national temperament.The specification of the xiehouyu has been paid attention by the linguist fro m the Linguistic Culture. The specification of the xiehouyu on the one hand is it s sound, form, meaning and standardization, on the other hand is the cultural con notation of the specification. We should regulate the negative vulgar cultural conte nt, the degree of civilization, so that xiehouyu will develop toward to the positive and healthy direction.

Imaginary and Symbolic Orders, and the Power of Language in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (Education Papers posted on March 10th, 2015 )

Since Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein was published in 1818, its popularity has indeed been prodigious. But academic criticism of this novel has been thin until the last twenty years. Now the novel has been gradually taken quite seriously for its possible effect on a popular audience, revaluated and admitted to the high-culture pantheon of Romanticism. Critics analyze it from various kinds of perspectives.According to Lacan’s theories about the imaginary and symbolic orders, gender and language, and feminists’ drawing on the ideas of Lacan, the present thesis purports to join the two aspects together, and then try further exploration in a psychoanalytic reading of Frankenstein with feminist components. Mary’s novel describes clear human’s path to the Symbolic orders from Imaginary orders and what will happen if something goes wrong in this process; moreover, she also stresses the essential role of language in it, especially in the aspect of gender identity.This paper consists of five chapters.Chapter 1 presents the critical history of Frankenstein, with emphasizing the previous feminist and psychoanalytic readings on the novel.Chapter 2 presents Lacan’s theories on the imaginary and symbolic orders, gender and language, which functions as theoretical frame in this reading. This part firstly looks back the origin of psychoanalytic approach to literature, and secondly describes Lacan’s theories on the imaginary and symbolic orders, gender and language, as well as the feminists’ drawing on the ideas of him.Chapter 3 makes a detailed discussion about the concepts of imaginary orders and symbolic orders reflected in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, and the relationship between them as well. The novel describes vividly the contrast between the world of the mirror-image, or double (the Imaginary), and that of kinship, language, and Social life (the Symbolic). And this novel in turn demonstrates that the symbolic order’s insistence on denying the Imaginary comes at the cost of excluding the maternal body. This part focuses on two points. The first is the relation among the image of mother and two leading characters in this novel (Victor Frankenstein and the monster), and the second is the monster’s path to monstrosity.Chapter 4 concentrates on the functions of language in the building of Symbolic orders, especially of women’s identity, which is clearly showed in the novel. Rather than being a reflection of society, rather than merely adding to knowledge, language determines knowledge and society. According to Lacan’s theories on language and feminists’ point of view, it is language that builds the Symbolic system; language is a realm of

Misusage in the Perspective of Linguistic of Wandering (Education Papers posted on February 24th, 2015 )

LuXun published his first modern novel A Madman’s Diary in1918. After that,hebegan to write in modern vernacular Chinese consciously,and published many vernacularChinese anthologies such as Call to Arms(1923)、Wandering(1925) and so on.Nevertheless,the period in which LuXun lived was in the change of classieal Chinese intomodern vernacular Chinese,so the language LuXun used is not mature enough in itself atthat time.That caused his works with the inevitable imprint of hybrid. As to him,He drewon language resources,both aneient and modern,Chinese and foreign,and tried to appliedthem into his literary creation.Hence his creative language was full of tension andvigorous. Language is a kind of the constantly changing living object,as times developing,some in it seemed is not the problem of problem gradually emerged,which caused thefuture generation felt obsure and could not feel through after they read them,especially thehigh school students. This paper intend to selcect Wandering(1925) as the researchobject. By comparing the modern vernacular Chinese, the writer points out somevocabulary, grammar, the chapter changes and developments, then offers some bases anddirection to the Chinese teaching of high school.

The Analysis about Nearly Righteousness Conjunctions in Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language and the Research of Their Teaching Strategies (Education Papers posted on February 20th, 2015 )

This article comparises and analyses the three groups of nearly righteousnessconjunctions’ similarities and differences of 《the Outline of Chinese Vocabulary andChinese Level》 in semantic, syntax, pragmatic from the point of view of teachingChinese as a foreign language and tries to bring forward some related teachingsuggestions and the teaching steps, in order to provide references for the classroomteaching of progressive conjunctions.The first chapter is the introduction of the selection significance of the topic, theresearches of domestic and foreign (including the researches of synonyms, nearlyrighteousness conjunctions, the researches of conjunctions and the researches of thethree groups of conjunctions this article will discuss), the problems existing in theresearches of predecessors and the aspects need to break through, the theory, methods,techniques and materials this article uses, and the expected value and applicationprospect of the paper and how to overcome the difficulties.The second chapter is throughing the questionnaire survey to know the specificuse of progressive conjunctions of the learners, revealing it with the form, and analyzethe errors. There are three types of major errors: semantic misuse、syntax misuse andpragmatic misuse. The reasons are: the negative transfer of mother tongue, theinterference of the target language, low level of students, the teachers explanation, andthe unreasonable of teaching material, the problem of dictionary.The third chapter first is showing the explanations of the three words in severalreference books and then comparises, analyses their similarities and differences insemantic, syntactic (the item types before and after them, their locations in the sentences, and the collocations with other words) and pragmatic (the tones, thechoices of the sentences, and styles). And then summarizes their similarities anddifferences.The fourth chapter also shows the explanations of these words in severalreference books and then comparises, analyses their similarities and differences insemantic, syntactic (the item types before and after them, their locations in thesentences, and the collocations with other words) and pragmatic. And thensummarizes them.Chapter5follows the methods of the first two chapters and focuses on theirsimilarities and differences in semantic, syntactic (the item types before and afterthem, their locations in the sentences, the collocations with other words) andpragmatic and summarizes them.The sixth chapter tries to put forward the relevant teaching advices and theteaching steps.The last part is a summary of the entire thesis. This paper summarizes the pointand exists the deficiency.

Artistic and Spiritual Developments: An Analysis of Stephen Dedalus’s Language in a Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (Education Papers posted on February 11th, 2015 )

An analysis of one’s language, the dress of thoughts, can tell one’s inner world. This thesis probes into Stephen Dedalus’s artistic and spiritual growth, focusing on his inner speech and vocal language. Young Stephen, like each ordinary boy born in Ireland at that time, leads a quiet and peaceful life, irrelevant to alienation from family, religion and country. As time goes by, he deviates from the proper course that he has been expected to take. The fall of Parnell makes him begin to suspect religion. At Clongowes Wood College, he is teased and laughed at by his classmates; his efforts to orally or physically participate in them are futile and he is pandied by the prefect of studies because of his argument about his broken glasses. There, Stephen is robbed of his rights to reveal his thoughts freely and faithfully. Helplessly and hopelessly, he, at the age of 16, makes intercourses with the prostitutes, in whose laps, he finds artistic inspirations. And exchange with Emma spurs his writing ambitions. After that, he epiphanizes to exile for art when he spiritually talks with the wading girl. Another important female, his beloved mother, a devout Catholic, also lends a hand in his way to art. College life turns him more mature with art. He badly wants to break away from a variety of nets, one of which is language. He hates to speak Latin and English. In the conversations in these languages, he elaborates his aesthetic principles originated from Aquinas: wholeness, harmony, and radiance. It is no doubt that no one can apprehend him. As a result, he is more and more alienated. Finally, he chooses to exile for art after suspicions and hesitations.

Three Topics on the Research of Huang Ting-jian’s Poems (Education Papers posted on January 15th, 2015 )

The poems of Huang Tingjian are the typical style in the Song Dynasty, there are many treatise in this respect every year. But one aspect was neglected:many authors focus on the theories of Huang Tingjian while his poems themselves were not considered. Thus, one phenomenon is appearing, many theories and the examples were repeated again and again, but the reader didn’t found other different aspects in Huang Tingjian’s poems. That’s the reason why I tend to research the content of Huang Tingjian’s poems.In the first chapter,1discuss Huang Tingjian’s language and point out his particularity. The firs selection is discussed his special in terms of verse and poem, which the meanings are similar between his poems and other poets’poem. The second selection is discussed Huang Tingjian’s distinguish between Zhuangzi and Shi Shuo Xin Yu, and I point out he is agree with Xiaoyao in Zhuangzi more than wild behavior in Shi Shuo Xin Yu. Thus, there are many changes in his poems which relate to the allusions in Zhuangzi, and these poems are well done than the allusions in Shi Shuo Xin Yu. In Shi Shuo Xin Yu, Huang Tingjian can only use its words, not to use its thoughts to make sentences. The third selection is discussed Huang Tingjian’s construct in allusions, including “fermentation and Vinification”,”expect and adjust” and “overturn and rebuild”. The fourth selection from the view of his thoughts and prosodic, providing a new explanation of “circuitousin” in Huang’s poems.In the second chapter, I discuss the style of his poems in which other researchers are not attention on, and there are many misreadings in some aspects by some researchers. The first selection is discussed the importance of group poems in his whole poems. The second selection is discussed the style of seven-character quatrain and pointed out the plain style is existence in his writing from beginning to end. The third selection is pointed out Huang’s contribution to the six-word poem, and discuss the mistaken idea which is held by some researcher. The fourth selection is discussed the importance of foreword in Huang’s poem, including its cognitive value and its literariness.In the third chapter, I discuss the anthology and annotation of Huang Tingjian’s poems. I have surveyed13ancient anthologies and6contemporary anthologies, and then point out the importance of inner poems in the view of select proportion and coverage fraction, negate the opinion that it shouldn’t distinguish the inner and outer poems, and at the same time, I point out seven-word poems is more popular among the seven-word poems. I choose the Seven-character-quatrain to discuss in the second chapter. In addition, comparing the ancient anthologies with the contemporary anthologies, I point out the contribution that the contemporary made in standing out the characteristics of Huang Tingjian’s poems, and analysis some preconceptions. In the aspect of annotation of Huang, collating and questioning of three scholiasts, I discuss the characteristics and the mien of the best scholiasts–Ren Yuan.

Along with the opening of hukou(household registration) system in Sh… (Education Papers posted on December 23rd, 2014 )

Along with the opening of hukou(household registration) system in Shanghai step by step,more and more immigrants from countryside and other cities attain the Shanghai hukou,and become Shanghai citizens in law.However,the subjective identity of these newly Shanghai citizens are affected by many factors,such as the institutional,economical and cultural factors.The present research analyzes the factors,which influence the residents in Shanghai who recognize themselves as “Shanghainess”,by using of the survey data of “the life situation of residents in Shanghai” in 2008.The author finds that,whether the residents hold the Shanghai hukou,and whether they could speak Shanghai dialect skillfully will affect them to recognize themselves as “Shanghainess” importantly.Those who with the Shanghai hukou think themselves as “Shanghainess” more likely than those who without,those who can speak Shanghai dialect also think themselves as “Shanghainess” more likely than those who can not.The effect of hukou is more significant than the master of Shanghai dialect.This research also finds that income,status and Education have not significant effects on the identification of”Shanghainess”.The author lastly highlights the policy implication of the research results and point out that the reform of hukou system is strategically important for the construction of harmonious society.